Vacant property owners in inner-Melbourne are being faced with the proposition to rent or sell their properties or receive a tax hike.
The levy is predicted to rake in more than $80 million over four years, with owners paying one per cent of the property’s capital improved value if they do not live in the house for more than six months a year.
The merit of a similar tax is also being debated in Queensland during the current state election campaign.
Census figures from 2016 showed that Australia had 200,000 more homes sitting empty than it did a decade ago.
The new tax is expected to hit hardest in the Melbourne City Council area, where more than 2500 houses and apartments are vacant. The Andrews Labor Government has warned property investors that they should sell or rent their property or be penalised with the new tax.
The Vacant Residential Property Tax (VRPT) will come into effect in Melbourne from 1 January, 2018 will aim to boost supply and meet growing demand for housing.
The tax will apply to dwellings that are vacant for more than six months in a calendar year including short term rentals such as Airbnb.
It will only apply within Melbourne’s 16 inner city councils, including Yarra, Melbourne, Darebin and Bayside municipalities, where up to 20,000 properties are believed to lie empty. Some exemptions apply including for holiday homes, city units for work purposes and properties in deceased estates.
The VRPT was introduced as part of the Homes for Victorians package announced earlier in the year, which also included abolishing stamp duty for first homebuyers on properties valued under $600,000.
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“In a time when so many Victorians are trying to get into affordable housing, these homes shouldn’t be sitting idle and unused,” Premier Andrews said.
We don’t want this measure to raise a cent – we just want these empty houses filled with families. We’re tackling housing affordability and making renting fair – because people deserve a good home, close to services, in an area they want to live.”
In Queensland, the Greens have proposed a similar tax on those homeowners who deliberately leave their property vacant. Revenue generated would go to fund affordable housing. The Greens say the tax could raise $800 million over five years and help fund the construction of 200,000 affordable homes over 10 years.
Jonathan Sri, Greens Councillor for the Gabba Ward welcomed Victoria’s vacant residential property tax.
“Our policy proposal here in Queensland includes exemptions for people who have temporarily moved overseas and for properties that are currently advertised for rent at a reasonable rate – it would only apply to Brisbane properties that have been empty for at least six months,” Sri said.
“Victoria is only introducing a 1% vacancy tax, however the Queensland Greens believe a 5% tax sends a clearer price signal and will have a stronger impact in freeing up under-utilised properties.”
“There’s no point building thousands of new apartments if investors don’t even bother advertising them for rent. We have a housing affordability crisis, but right now too many investors are choosing to leave properties empty rather than renting them out cheaply. This is completely contrary to the public interest.”
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The Greens estimate there are over 20,000 vacant apartments and houses in Brisbane.